Mosquito Borne Diseases Symptoms And Treatment

Mosquito borne diseases are the diseases that are caused by the bite of mosquitoes. Not only the persons that suffer from the illness but the cats and dogs also suffer from such disease that the mosquito causes. Unfortunately the virus that the mosquito carries does not cause any damage to the insect itself, wish it could! Yet once they transmit the virus through the bite, it can cause severe harm to the people that can lead to death as well.

Hence, in this write I’ll be putting light to those diseases that our dear mosquitoes present us. There are several diseases that you will find as a result of insect bite. We can only wish these diseases could kill the mosquitoes instead of ruining us!

So, here are the names and symptoms of the diseases that are caused for the bite of mosquitoes.


ARBOVIRAL ENCEPHALITIDES

Mosquitos take the virus from the birds and this virus reproduces inside the insect. The mosquito carries it around and once that mosquito bites you, you get infected. ARBOVIRAL ENCEPHALITIDES mostly do no transmit from person to person.

Symptoms

  • Inflammation of the brain.
  • Hemorrhagic fevers that cause harm to blood vessels, bleeding out of leaky blood vessels, and yes fever.
  • Febrile diseases, that include a fever accompanied by rashes sometimes.
  • headache
  • weakness
  • vomiting
  • fatigue
  • nausea
  • dizziness
  • general body aches
  • sleepiness

Treatment

  • Drink lots of fluids to avoid dehydration
  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Follow the food chart that the doctor will suggest.

DENGUE FEVER

Mild dengue illness can lead to a high fever with joint and muscle pain and rashes. Dengue hemorrhagic fever which is a severe form of fever causes a sudden drop in blood pressure, severe bleeding, and death.

Symptom of the mild one

  • Dengue fever causes a high fever that reaches up to 104 F degrees.
  • Blood vessels often become damaged and leaky.
  • Headache.
  • Rash
  • Muscle, bone and joint pain
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Nausea
  • Swollen glands
  • Vomiting.

Symptom of the severe one

  • Persistent vomiting
  • Severe abdominal pain
  • Blood in your urine, stools or vomit
  • Bleeding from your gums or nose
  • Fatigue
  • Difficult or rapid breathing
  • Bleeding under the skin, which might look like bruising
  • Irritability or restlessness
  • Cold or clammy skin (shock).

MALARIA

Malaria is one of the life-threatening diseases. It is basically transferred through the bite of the infected Anopheles mosquito. The infected mosquito carries the Plasmodium parasite and when it bites you, the parasite gets into your bloodstream and then to the liver. And then it starts to infect red blood cells, that eventually causes malaria disease.

Symptoms

  • Shaking chills that ranges from moderate to severe.
  • profuse sweating
  • high fever
  • nausea
  • headache
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • abdominal pain
  • muscle pain
  • anemia
  • coma
  • convulsions
  • bloody stools

The life threatening symptoms are

  • organ failure of the kidneys, liver, or spleen
  • swelling of the blood vessels of the brain, or cerebral malaria
  • a buildup of fluid in the lungs that causes pulmonary edema or breathing problems.
  • low blood sugar
  • anemia due to the destruction of red blood cells

WEST NILE VIRUS

This one is a viral infection basically spread by mosquitoes. Majority of the people who are infected with West Nile virus either do not develop signs or symptoms or have only minor ones, like fever or mild headache. Many of the people developed serious illness that includes inflammation of the spinal cord or brain.

Symptoms of the mild one

  • Fever
  • Body aches
  • Headache
  • Diarrhea
  • Skin rash
  • Vomiting
  • Fatigue

Symptoms of the severe one

  • Partial paralysis or muscle weakness.
  • Seizures.
  • Tremors or muscle jerking.
  • High fever.
  • Stupor or coma.
  • Disorientation or confusion.
  • Severe headache.
  • Stiff neck.

HEARTWORM

This is a parasitic roundworm that is spread from one host to other via the bite of mosquito that carry the infective heartworm larvae.  It’s a type of a small thread-like worm which is filarial worm that causes filariasis. They cause severe problems especially for dogs. A mature heartworm can grow up to 12 inches long.

Heartworm disease is categorized in three classes.

  • Class I heartworm disease is often asymptomatic, it means that it exhibits no visible symptoms.
  • Class II patients basically suffer from coughing and unusual intolerance to exercise.
  • Class III shows symptoms of anemia, fainting spells, exercise intolerance, and even right-sided chronic heart failure.

Yellow Fever

Yellow fever is another viral infection cause by mosquitoes. This illness is most common in the Southern regions of South America, and Africa. Like most diseases, children and older people are more susceptible.Fever

Symptoms

Those who contract this disease will experience symptoms around four days later. Yellow fever causes fever, nausea, and pain. Jaundice, and liver damage can also occur, which is where the virus gets its name from. This initially phase lasts 3 days. Then there is a usually remission. Sometimes a third toxic phase starts after this. This can result in failure of the heart, liver, and kidneys. People may also experience hemorrhaging, seizures, delirium or comas, and sometimes death.

There is no real treatment for Yellow Fever. However, blood can be replaced when hemorrhaging, or dialysis for kidney failure.


CHIKUNGUNYA

Chikungunya is disease caused by the bite of Aedes mosquito and the mosquito will mainly bite during the day. The symptoms usually start to exhibit within 3 to 7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. There are no vaccines for this disease.

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • joint pain.
  • Headache.
  • rash
  • joint swelling.
  • Vomit.

Treatment

  • Drink fluids to prevent dehydration
  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Take medicine like paracetamol to reduce pain.
  • Don’t take aspirin or other anti-inflammatory non-steroidal drugs.

ZIKA

Zika fever is usually spread by the bite of Aedes type mosquitoes. It can also transmit for the infected person as well. If a mosquito takes the blood of an infected person, it can pass those viruses to other people through the bites. Infections of the pregnant women can spread to the baby.

Symptoms

People who get this virus suffer from a fever, muscle or joint pain, rash, pink eye initially. The virus cause more serious problems like in case of Guillain-Barre syndrome and microcephaly which is like a birth defect. If one gets Guillain-Barre, it will lead him to paralysis. And if one get Microcephaly disorder it will cause a baby’s head to be small and not fully developed.


Wrapping up!

So these are the mosquito borne diseases that are quite popular throughout the world just because of the bite of blood sucking mosquitoes. These diseases sometimes can be mild and sometimes it can lead to severe level. Although many treatments have been discovered to get rid of the disease easily, so if you stay under doctor’s observation, it will go away. But I would rather suggest you to keep yourself away from the mosquito bite. If you take all the precautions that will keep the mosquitoes at bay, there are marginal chances of getting infected.

 

Relevant Resources:

Rita Washington is a writer who was born in Boston. She is passionate in gardening. Rita have more than 4 years experience in gardening, planting & others.

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